Wildlife migrations are spectacular natural phenomena that used to happen all over the globe. Unfortunately, due to the spread of human populations and manmade structures, many urban buildings and structures block the ingrained
migrational route from the animals.

Africa is most well known for the wildebeest migration in the Serengeti. Animal movements in Botswana have long been known about: anecdotally much of the wildlife moves seasonally. Large numbers of zebras, wildebeest, buffalo and
elephants seem to spend the driest months beside the river the Chobe, the Kwando-Linyanti, and the Okavango systems and then move into the vast vegetated sand-sheet of the Kalahari for the wetter months.

Botswana’s zebra migration is an almost unknown, wild spectacle that occurs
annually in this southern African country. It’s the longest single migration of animals
that have ever been recorded, and it’s an incredible sight to see first hand, as thousands of zebra kick up plumes of dust as they move from one grazing area to another.

Every year, after the first decent rains have fallen in the central areas of the Nxai and Makgadikgadi National Parks, thousands of zebras embark on a trip of about 500 km round trip in search of greener pastures and better grazing. This
migration of Zebras is the longest migration in Africa, even surpassing the annual migration of Zebra and Wildebeest in the Serengeti and Masai Mara Game Reserves.

This migration gives you the perfect opportunity to see scattered herds of Botswana’s national animal. These herds can be seen throughout the Makgadikgadi palm belt and near the salt pans where the mineral content of grasses is highest.This is an important start to their journey.

The nomadic journey made by the Burchells Zebra was misunderstood until a conservation team – Elephant without Boarders – was able to track the migrational movements from the
north of Botswana near Namibia, down to the salt pans of Nxai and Makgadigadi through Savuti. Scientists speculate that the zebras migrate to Makgadigadi because the grasses grown there have a higher content of protein and minerals
when compared tot he grasses of the Delta.

“Until recently, the exact details of this journey wasn’t well known, but now scientists are starting to see data that quantifies these migrational movements. In 2012, scientists identified a hitherto unknown migration in Botswana (and the very edge of Namibia), to Nxai Pan, which is now recognised as the longest terrestrial wildlife migration in Africa. In 2013, researchers released some detail on another, separate zebra migration, to the Makgadikgadi Pans.

This means that there are currently two separate migrational movements that occur in Botswana, the Makgadigadi Migration which move north west to the floodplains of the delta, as high as Savuti.

The Nxai Pans Migration which move north to Chobe” – Expert Africa.

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